Consultation Process and Acknowledgements
Consultation and acknowledgements
The Sheffield Urban Design Compendium has been developed through
a sustained process of consultation, which has allowed us to draw
from the collective knowledge, expertise and energy of representatives
from within the Council and other agencies and institutions in Sheffield.
Public consultation on the draft Urban Design Compendium was carried
out throughout September and October 2003. This included a large
exhibition that was set up at the Winter Garden, First Point Reception/Howden
House and Adsetts Centre/Sheffield Hallam University throughout
the period with questionnaires. Leaflets and letters were posted
out to approximately 1800 organisations/members of the public, the
consultation list made up of the Sheffield One and City Council
databases. Two public meetings were also held, one specifically
for the development industry and the other targeted at the general
public. The Urban Design Compendium was made available electronically
on the City Council Web page and in published format at the Local
Studies Library. A separate presentation was made to the Sheffield
Property and Regeneration Committee at the Sheffield Chamber of
In response to the public consultation a total of 169 questionnaires
were received and 15 letters setting down detailed comments. The
responses through the questionnaires were generally supportive,
with 77% of respondents being satisfied or having no comments, and
23% being dissatisfied. A detailed summary of the comments and letters
received and resulting changes made to the Compendium formed part
of the Cabinet report.
Projects like this are the result of positive and sustained collaboration.
We would like to thank:
- the Client team, which included Les Sturch, James Arnold and
Simon Ogden from Sheffield City Council and Andy Topley from Sheffield
- the Advisory Group which included Joanna Averley (Commission
for Architecture & the Built Environment), Jeremy Till (University
of Sheffield), Geoff Birkett (Sheffield Hallam University), Alison
Fisher (English Heritage), Alan Simpson (Yorkshire Forward) and
Guy Rusling (Guy Rusling Commercial Property); and
- the Stakeholder Group, which included Alan Novitzky (Sheffield
Society of Architects), Barry Price (Sheffield Society of Architects),
Tim Rippon Cllr, Sylvia Dunkley Cllr, Chris Megson (SCC Development
Control), Dinah Hope (SCC Development Control), Dick Skelton (Transport
and Road Safety), Steve Turner (Adoption, Highways Management
Unit), Chris Galloway (Traffic), Paul Johnson (Highway Design),
Ian Jackson (Highway design and Supervision), Nick Hetherington
(Highways Maintenance/Streetforce), Ted Thorp (Street lighting),
Lyn Mitchell (Landscape Architect), Richard Eyre (City Centre
Management), Roger Harper (Conservation Advisory Group), Richard
Motley (CIQ Agency).
- members from the Council who attended presentations and made
informed and constructive inputs: Tim Rippon, Sylvia Dunkley,
Tessa Hainey, Janice Sidebottom, and Basheer Khan.
Following on from workshops and meetings, smaller groups were met
to discuss specific topics. Our thanks to Mick Crofts (City Centre/Premises
Management), Nick Hetherington (Streetforce), and Richard Watts
(SCC Landscape Architect) for their advice on the public realm and
its management and maintenance. Thanks to Dr Chengzhi Peng from
Sheffield University who allowed us to view and use the digital
3-D model of the city (1900) developed at the University.
The Architectural History Practice undertook the Characterisation
Study in tandem with the Compendium. Excerpts have been drawn from
this work to inform the principles and Guidance for each of the
quarters. Thanks to James Anderson for keeping us abreast of their
process and outcomes.
The ‘Connect Sheffield’ project was running concurrently with the
development of the Compendium. Thanks to Andy Gibbons of City ID
and his colleague, Mike Rawlinson for their dialogue and encouragement.
Special mention should be made of James Arnold and Harshada Despande
from the Urban Design and Conservation team who have worked alongside
Gillespies in the production of the Compendium and for co-ordinating
the process. The rest of the team are also thanked for their various
contributions: Chris Bailey, Craig Broadwith, David James, Derek
Mayland, Elizabeth Motley, Anthony Rylands and Jacqueline Yallop.
Val de Haney is thanked for producing the quarter area plans.
Finally thanks go to our own team at Gillespies: Emma Appleton,
Laura-Jo Proctor, Linda Curr, Helen Knight, Mike Sharpe, James Murray
and Tom Burnett. The project was directed by Brian Evans urban design
Unless stated all images are copyright of Gillespies.
Accessibility – the ability of people to move round an area and
to reach places and facilities, including elderly and disabled people,
those with young children and those encumbered with luggage or shopping.
Activity spine – street or streets along which
activity is concentrated.
Activity Node – concentration of activity at a
Adaptability – the capacity of a building or space
to be changed so as to respond to changing social, technological
and social conditions.
Building Line – the line formed by the frontages
of buildings along a street.
Defensible Space – public and semi-public space
that is ‘defensible’ in the sense that it is surveyed, demarcated
or maintained by somebody.
Density – the floorspace of a building or buildings
or some other unit measure in relation to a given area of land.
Design Guide – a document providing guidance on
how development can be carried out in accordance with the design
policies of a local authority or other organisation often with a
view to retaining local distinctiveness.
Design principle – an expression of one of the
basic design ideas at the heart of an urban design framework, design
guide, development brief or a development.
Desire Line – an imaginary line linking facilities
or places which people would find it convenient to travel between
Development brief – a document prepared by a local
planning authority, a developer or jointly, providing guidance on
hoe a site of significant size or sensitivity should be developed.
Also called planning briefs, design briefs or development frameworks.
Enclosure – the use of buildings to create a sense
of defined space.
Figure ground – a plan showing the relationship
between the built for and publicly accessible space (including streets)
by presenting the former in black and the latter as a white background.
Form – the layout (structure and urban grain),
density, scale (height and massing), appearance (materials and details)
and landscape development.
In-curtilage parking – parking within a buildings
site boundary rather than on a public street or space.
Landmark – a building or structure that stands
out from its background by virtue of height, size or some other
aspect of design.
Legibility – the degree to which a place can be
easily understood and traversed.
Local Distinctiveness – the positive features
of a place and its communities which contribute to its special character
and sense of place.
Massing – combined effect of height, bulk and
silhouette of a building or group of buildings.
Movement – people and vehicles going to and passing
through buildings, places and spaces.
Natural surveillance – the discouragement of crime
by the presence of passers-by or the ability of people to be seen
out of surrounding windows (also know as casual surveillance).
Node – a place where activity and routes are concentrated.
Pastiche – an architectural style which intimates
a previous style i.e. Georgian, neo-classical
Permeability – the degree to which an area has
attractive, convenient and safe routes through.
Public art – permanent or temporary physical works
of art visible to the general public, whether part of the building
or free standing.
Public realm – the parts of a village, town or
city that are available without charge for general public use including
streets, squares and parks.
Sustainable development – “Development which meets
present needs without comprising the ability of future generations
to meet their own needs” (Bruntland Commission, 1987).
Topography - a description or representation of
artificial or natural features on or of the ground.
Urban grain – the pattern of the arrangement and
size of buildings and their plots in a settlement.
View – what is visible from a particular point.
Vista - an enclosed view, usually along and narrow
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